This is something very brief on the Thirumayam Fort and the Sethu Nadu. You can get more information on the fort if you Google for it.
The present Tamil Nadu districts of Pudukottai (4651 sq km), Sivagangai (4143 sq km) and Ramanathapuram (4175 sq km) was once a single state known to many as Sethu Nadu. It was approximately 12,969 sq km or even bigger 400 years ago.
|The State of Tamil Nadu in Southeast India|
After the partition of Sethu Nadu, Sivagangai and Pudukottai became separate kingdoms while Ramanathapuram remained under the Sethupathi Rajas.
Pudukottai was ruled by Kallar kings of the Thondaiman lineage. It is part of a larger region known as Kallar Nadu.
|The Present Districts of Ramanathapuram, Sivagangai and Pudukottai.|
Ramanathapuram is known as Periya Maravar Seemai (Land of The Big Maravar) and Sivagangai as Chinna Maravar Seemai (Land of The Younger Maravar). Both these kingdoms were ruled by the Maravars of the Sembinattu Maravar division.
The royal families of these 3 kingdoms are still around. Although no longer in power after the formation of India ( a republic), they are still treated with respect by the people.
The Maravars and Kallars were tribes which have been living in Tamilakam (Realm of The Tamils) since ancient times. An introduction on ancient Tamilakam, the kingdoms which existed, the regions and the tribes which spoke Tamil will be included in my future post.